Residue : Definition


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Definitions of Residue

Pronunciation : Res"i*due (rz"-d)
Part of Speech : n.
Etymology : [F. résidu, L. residuum, fr. residuus that is left behind, remaining, fr. residere to remain behind. See Reside, and cf. Residuum.]
Definition : 1. That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed, or designated; remnant; remainder. The residue of them will I deliver to the sword. Jer. xv. 9. If church power had then prevailed over its victims, not a residue of English liberty would have been saved. I. Taylor.

2. (Law)

Defn: That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.

3. (Chem.)

Defn: That which remains of a molecule after the removal of a portion of its constituents; hence, an atom or group regarded as a portion of a molecule; -- used as nearly equivalent to radical, but in a more general sense.

Note: The term radical is sometimes restricted to groups containing carbon, the term residue being applied to the others.

4. (Theory of Numbers)

Defn: Any positive or negative number that differs from a given number by a multiple of a given modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc., are residues.

Syn. -- Rest; remainder; remnant; balance; residuum; remains; leavings; relics.
Source : Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, 1913


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